Researchers Transform Bio-waste to Fuel
The reliance of majority of Nigerian households on charcoals, firewood and other related solid biomass as their major cooking fuels has significantly contributed to atmospheric particles and carbon monoxide emissions in the environment. This increase in the use of solid biomass has also escalated deforestation with an upsurge in the amount of discharges into the atmosphere which poses grave health risk to the populace.
At the 2016 edition of Covenant University International Conference on African Development Issues, a team of researchers investigated into bio-waste as an alternative fuel source for cooking. They experimented with binders such as starch and spent oil in addition to biomass such as rice husk and sawdust to produce ‘Refuse Derived Fuel’ often referred to as Pellets.
Their findings corroborated previous studies in the area of Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) from bio-waste, and established that RDF was a good substitute to wood just like any other cooking fuel, which reduce the effect of greenhouse gas emissions and enable a friendlier environmental practice.