The carbon cycle describes the biogeochemical cycle, or routes by which carbon atoms are exchanged through nested networks of environmental systems from the atmosphere into the biosphere, through photosynthesis and back again with respiration, decomposition, and biomass burning.
Published at Encyclopedia of global warming & climate change, Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Volume Second Edition
Pages 193-194, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781452218564.n103
Published in 2012
Nsikak U. Benson
Benson Nsikak » Nsikak Benson holds a Ph.D. degree in Marine Environmental Chemistry. His research interest is primarily on investigating the exchange of marine trace gases between the atmosphere and the ocean. He is interested in developing a quantitative understanding of the cycling of carbon, nutrients and other elements in ocean systems as well as interactions with ocean biology and anthropogenic impacts.... view full profile
Assessment of contamination by organochlorine pesticides in Solanum lycopersicum L. and Capsicum annuum L.: A market survey in Nigeria.
Interseasonal hydrological characteristics and variabilities in surface water of tropical estuarine ecosystems within Niger Delta, Nigeria
Petroleum hydrocarbons contamination of sediments and accumulation in Tympanotonus fuscatus var radula from the Qua Iboe Mangrove Ecosystem, Nigeria.
Metal contamination of surface water, sediment and Tympanotonus fuscatus var. radula of Iko River and environmental impact due to Utapete gas flare station, Nigeria
Application of correlation analysis in assessment of relationships between mineral hydrocarbon levels and hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria count in tropical Mangrove estuarine sediments.
Petroleum hydrocarbons and limiting nutrients in Macura reptantia, Procambarus clarkii and benthic sediment from Qua Iboe Estuary, Nigeria
Seasonal dynamics of physicochemical properties and heavy metal burdens in Mangrove sediments and surface water of the brackish Qua Iboe Estuary, Nigeria.
Interseasonal distribution and partitioning of heavy metals in subtidal sediment of Qua Iboe Estuary and associated Creeks, Niger Delta (Nigeria)
Phytoextraction potential of Sporobulus pyramidalis found in an abandoned battery industry environment in Nigeria
Hydrobiological constraints of trace metals in surface water, coastal sediment and water lily of Calabar River, Nigeria
Cadmium, copper, lead and zinc contents in Ethmalosa fimbriata-Bonga shad and Tilapia guineensis-Tilapia caught from Imo River (Nigeria).
Occurrence and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface microlayer and subsurface seawater of Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria
On the influence of interseasonal sea surface temperature on surface water pCO2 at 49.0°N / 16.5°W and 56.5oN / 52.6oW in the North Atlantic Ocean
Surface Mixed Layer Profile of Physical and Biogeochemical Variables in the Subpolar North-West and -East Atlantic Ocean: A Data-Model Comparison Study
Predictive analysis of degradation indices and microbial growth during enhanced biodegradation of municipal solid wastes in Uyo, Nigeria.
Total dissolved inorganic carbon and physicochemical characteristics of surface microlayer and upper mixed layer water from Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria.
Modeling Spatial and Temporal pCO2 Variability at 49°N/16.5°W and 56.5°N/52.6°W in the North Atlantic Ocean
Source Evaluation and Trace Metal Contamination in Benthic Sediments from Equatorial Ecosystems Using Multivariate Statistical Techniques
Study of Surface Morphology, Elemental Composition and Sources of Airborne Fine Particulate Matter in Agbara Industrial Estate, Nigeria
Trace Metal Contamination Characteristics and Health Risks Assessment of Commelina africana L. and Psammitic Sandflats in the Niger Delta, Nigeria
Distribution and risk assessment of trace metals in Leptodius exarata, surface water and sediments from Douglas Creek in the Qua Iboe Estuary
Distribution of organochlorine pesticide residues in epipelic and benthic sediments from Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria.
Characterisation of Airborne Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) and Its Air Quality Implications in Ogun State, Nigeria
Adsorptive desulphurization of model oil by Ag nanoparticles-modified activated carbon prepared from brewer’s spent grains.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in imported Sardinops sagax: Levels and health risk assessments through dietary exposure in Nigeria
Chemical Speciation and Health Risk Assessment of Fine Particulate Bound Trace Metals Emitted from Ota Industrial Estate, Nigeria
Geochemical fractionation and ecological risks assessment of benthic sediment-bound heavy metals from coastal ecosystems off the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean