Jadavpur Journal of International Relations

The domino effect of the Arab Spring in Syria which began as a reaction against the regime of Basher Assad over the years has deteriorated into a civil war. The paper investigates the diplomatic dimensions of the Syrian conflict and pays attention to the conflict of interests amongst the major powers most especially the United States and Russia. It contends that the competitive display of power by the United States and Russia rekindled memories of the Cold War and seriously limited the possibilities of effective intervention in the Syrian war by the international community. Furthermore, the paper also seeks to explore the diverse implications of the Syrian war for international and regional politics which included the possibility of a “multipolarization” of the world as against a unipolar world dominated by the United States, alarming proliferation of arms and the threat of terrorism, gross infringement of human rights and the failure of diplomacy in the presence of cross-cutting domestic and foreign interests of the powers involved.

Aghayev, Elvin, , and Filiz A.Katman. 2012. “Historical Background and the Present State of the Russian–Syrian Relations.” Journal of European Researcher, vol. 35, no. 11–13, pp. 20662070. Google Scholar
Anderson, Kristine. 2015. “ISIS and the State of Terror: The genesis, Evolution, and Impact of the Islamic State.” Available at http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/markaz/posts/2015/03/31-isis-state-of-terror-book-launch-event-summary (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Asseburg, Muriel, , and WimmenHeiko. 2013. Civil War in Syria. Stiftung Wissenschaft Politik Comments 43, German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin, Germany, December. Google Scholar
Bar, Shmuel. 2006. “The Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy Institute for Policy and Strategy.” Bashar’s Syria: The Regime and Its Strategic Worldview, 353445. Available at http://www.herzliyaconference.org/_uploads/2590bashars.pdf (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Bielefeldt, Heiner. 2000. “Western Versus Islamic Human Rights Conceptions?: A Critique Of Cultural Essentialism In The Discussion On Human Rights.” Political Theory, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 90121. Google Scholar Abstract
Blechman, Barry, , AlexBollfrass, , and FrankValliere. 2009. “US Perspectives on the Global Elimination of Nuclear Weapons”. In: Blechman, Barry (ed.) Russia and the US, 2359, July Available at https://www.psr-la.org/files/Russia_US_Format_FINAL.pdf (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Bogdonas, Azuolas (n.d.) “Russia’s Interests in the Syrian Conflict: Power, Prestige and Profit. European Journal of Economic and Political Studies, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 5577.
Carter, J. Chelsea. 2013. “Putin warns U.S., West against Arming Organ–Eating Syrian Rebels.” CNN 17 June. Available at http://edition.cnn.com/2013/06/16/world/meast/syria-civil-war/ (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Cebeci, Münevver. 2011. “Issues in EU and US Foreign Policy, in MünevverCebeci, ed., The Middle East and Iraq in EU and US Foreign Policy: Implications For Transatlantic Relations, (pp. 133178). Lanham, MA: Lexington Books. Google Scholar
Daher, Massoud. 2014. “Lebanon and the Syrian Conflict 2011–2013.” IDEME Review, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 6375. Google Scholar
Filatov, Sergey. 2012. “Houla: How a massacre unfolded.” BBC News Online 29 May. Available at http://www.bbc.com/news/world-18244738 (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Fritz, Jason. 2013. “To Intervene or not Intervene in Syria? The Limits of Power Define Interests.” Available at http://warontherocks.com/2013/07/to-intervene-or-not-intervene-in-syria-the-limits-of-power-define-interests/ (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Holiday, Joseph. 2013. “The Assad Regime: From Counterinsurgency to Civil War.” Middle East Security Report 8. USA: Institute for the Study of War. Google Scholar
International Crisis Group. 2013. “Syria’s Metastasising Conflicts. Middle East Report 143.” June. Available at http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/files/middle%20east%20north%20africa/iraq%20syria%20lebanon/syria/143-syrias-metastasising-conflicts.pdf (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Iyengar, Radha, , RandCorp, , and BrianFishman. 2013. “The Conflict in Syria: An Assessment of US Strategic Interests.” New American foundation March: 129. Available at https://lisireport.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/fishman_iyengar_syria_naf.pdf Google Scholar
Josh, Rogin. 2011. “Iraqi Ambassador: We will request U.S. Troop Extension in our own Sweet Time”. The Cable 25 August. Available at http://foreignpolicy.com/2011/08/25/iraqi-ambassador-we-will-request-u-s-troop-extension-in-our-own-sweet-time/ (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Khadka, Anush. 2014. “Syrian Conflict: The Key International Interests.” Available at http://www.academia.edu/4355411/Syrian_Conflict_The_Key_International_Intersts (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Laub, Zachary, , and MastersJonathan. 2013. “Syria’s Crisis and the Global Response.” Available at http://www.cfr.org/syria/syrias-crisis-global-response/p28402 (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Library of Congress. 2005. “Country Profile: Syria.” Available at http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Syria.pdf (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Lister, Charles. 2014. The Evolution of ISIS. http://warincontext.org/2014/12/01/the-evolution-of-isis/ (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
MacDonald, Norine, , AlexanderTylecote, , AyeshaMalik, , MajeedSahebzadha, , MostafaAl-Mossallami, , and DavidArnold. 2012. “Syria: A Way Forward.” A Report by the The International Council on Security and Development (ICOS), 1-107 December Available at http://www.icosgroup.net/static/reports/ICOS_SYRIA_A_WAY_FORWARD_DEC12.pdf (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Manfreda, Primoz. 2012. “Religion and Conflict in Syria.” Available at http://middleeast.about.com/od/syria/a/Religion-And-Conflict-In-Syria.htm (accessed on 6 October). Google Scholar
Moyar, Mark. 2014. “U.S. Interests in Syria, Past and Present.” Available at http://www.hoover.org/related-materials/144801 (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
News Unspun. 2013. “Reporting on Syria: How the Media Designates a Role for the UK.” Available at http://www.newsunspun.org/article/reporting-on-syria-how-the-media-designates-a-role-for-the-uk (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Nordland, Rod. 2012. “Al Qaeda Taking Deadly New Role in Syria’s Conflict.” The New York Times. July 24. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/25/world/middleeast/al-qaeda-insinuating-its-way-into-syrias-conflict.html?_r=0 (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Phillips, Christopher. 2014. The Syrian Conflict According to Putin Newsweek, 12 December. Available at http://www.newsweek.com/syrian-conflict-according-putin-291372 (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Pollack, M. Kenneth, , Frederick WKagan, , KimberlyKagan, , and Marisa C.Sullivan. 2012. “Unveiling The Syrian Mess: A Crisis Simulation of Spill over From The Syrian Civil War.” Middle East Memo, vol. 25, no. August, pp. 111. Google Scholar
Putin, Vladimirovich Vladimir. 2013. A Plea for Caution from Russia. The New York Times Online, 11 September. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/12/opinion/putin-plea-for-caution-from-russia-on-syria.html Google Scholar
Rabil, G. Robert. 2014. “The ISIS Chronicle: A History.” The National Interest. July 17. Available at http://nationalinterest.org/feature/the-isis-chronicles-history-10895 (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Rosen, Nir. 2012. “Islamism and the Syrian crisis.” Available at http://foreignpolicy.com/2012/03/08/islamism-and-the-syrian-uprising/ (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Sharp, M Jeremy, , and Christopher M.Blanchard. 2013. “Possible U.S. Intervention in Syria: Issues for Congress.” Congressional Research Service Reports. Available at http://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/R43201.pdf (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Sofer, Ken. 2012. “Next Steps In Syria: A Look At US Priorities And Interests.” Center For American Progress, 14 August: 116. Available at https://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/issues/2012/08/pdf/syria_priorities.pdf Google Scholar
Sorenson, David S. 2013. “US Options in Syria.” Parameters, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 516. Google Scholar
Specia, Megan. 2015. “The Evolution of ‘Jihadi John’ as the masked face of ISIS.” Available at http://mashable.com/2015/02/26/jihadi-john-in-syria/ (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Stepanova, Ekaterina. 2012. “The Syrian Crisis and The Making of Russia’s Foreign Policy.” PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo, vol. 199, no. June, pp. 16. Google Scholar
Swaine, D. Michael. 2012. “Chinese Views of the Syrian Conflict.” Chinese Leadership Monitor, vol. 39, pp. 118. Google Scholar
The Editors. 2013. “UK Media Helps Pave Road to War on Syria.” News Unspun. May 8 Available at http://www.newsunspun.org/article/uk-media-helps-pave-road-to-war-on-syria (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Trenin, Dmitri. 2013. “The Mythical Alliance: Russia’s Syria policy.” The Carnegie Papers. Available at http://carnegie.ru/publications/?fa=50909 (accessed on 6 October 2015). Google Scholar
Trenin, Dmitri. 2009. “Russian Perspectives on the Global Elimination of Nuclear Weapons,” in BlechmanBarry, ed., Russia and the US (pp. 122). Washington, D.C.: The Henry L. Stimson Center. Google Scholar
Wong, Nicolas. 2012. “China’s Veto on Syria: What Interests are at Play?” Available at http://www.opendemocracy.net/nicholas-wong/china%E2%80%99s-veto-on-syria-what-interests-are-at-play (accessed on October 6, 2015). Google Scholar
Yan, Holly. 2013. “Syria Allies: Why Russia, Iran and China are Standing by the Regime.” Available at http://edition.cnn.com/2013/08/29/world/meast/syria-iran-china-russia-supporters/ (accessed on October 6, 2015). Google Scholar
Zurich, Philipp Casula. 2013. Civil War, Revolution or Counter Insurgency? The Syrian Conflict through Russian Eyes. Russian Analytical Digest, vol. 128, no. June, pp. 47. Google Scholar

Vol 19, Issue 1, 2015

Recommended Citation


The Diplomatic Dimensions of the Syrian Conflict

Faith Olanrewaju1, Segun Joshua1Department of Political Science and International Relations, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.


Jadavpur Journal of International Relations

Vol 19, Issue 1, pp. 43 - 63

First published date: December-30-2015


If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download.

For more information or tips please see 'Downloading to a citation manager' in the Help menu.

Format

Download article citation data for:
Faith Olanrewaju, Segun Joshua
Jadavpur Journal of International Relations 2015 19:1, 43-63

Request Permissions

View permissions information for this article

Share

Email